In this COVID 19 pandemic where whole country is affected , Crores were infected , lakhs were died and still battle against corona virus is going on , in this situation unemployment , education , crimes are major issues and problems . Unemployment is a situation where a person who is actively searching a job unable to find work . As right to life is part of our life similarly right to work and live with dignity in society is also part of our life .
Reasons for Unemployment are – High rate of population , Predominance of agriculture sector , Illiteracy , lack of industrial growth , Poor Infrastructure and many other reasons .
Violation Of Article 21 (A)
Article 21 ( A) of Indian constitution deals with RIGHT TO EDUCATION – State shall provide tree and compulsory education to all children between age of six years to fourteen years . But in this pandemic of COVID 19 , Article 21 ( A ) is violated . Now Right to education confined to only those children who have smart electronic gadgets for studies and attending online classes . Children who belong to poor families who do not have smart electronic gadgets are unable to continue their studies due to lack of resources. Children living in villages are also unable to continue their studies due to technical issues or due to lack of availability of electronic devices . In present days education is only part of those students who have electronic gadgets. Due to increase in use of internet and electronic devices, cyber crimes increase by 82 % .
Cyber Crimes During Pandemic Of Covid 19
Now a days the concept prevailing in society is WORK FROM HOME that means people are working from their homes by means of various electronic devices . Earlier the number of peoples using internet is 4.57 billion but due to this lockdown internet consumption rose by 13% . THAT MEANS CYBER CRIMES ALSO INCREASES BY 86% IN INDIA BETWEEN APRIL AND MARCH MONTHS .According to NCRB data , cyber crimes rose 19 times and cyber crime areas rose nine times in India . Cyber crimes in India are registered under INFORMATRION TECHNOLOGY ACT , State level legislation and IPC . Cyber Crime as categorised as cyber terrorism , cyber stalking , unauthorised access to electronic devices , child pornography , forgery , Etcetera , Fake calls , Hacking , Blackmailing , fake news sharing on social media and many more.
State wise cyber crime list is
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Unemployment During Covid 19 Pandemic
In this pandemic workforce is largely affected . People losses their jobs across various sectors like services , manufacturing , industry , etc . According to recent report of Centre for monitoring India Economy (CMIE) during five months of lockdown across 21 million salaried jobs have been lost between April and August . The CMIE Covering Indian economy said that the Indian’s economic condition is putting pressure on finance of the government as revenue of government is continuously decreasing . INDIA’S GDP (GROSS DIMESTIC PRODUCT ) IS RECORDED 23.9%FROM APRIL TO JUNE BECAUSE OF THIS PANDEMIC COVID 19 .
Output of construction unit goes down by 50% and that of manufacturing unit by 40% . Unemployment rate of recorded as 27.1% . According to CMIE data devasting effect of 5 month lockdown on India’s economy.
Situation Of Migrant Workers
In this pandemic of COVID 19 people who were affected are mostly poor people and migrant workers . Nearly 90% of migrant labours lost their jobs . Millions of migrant workers had loss of income, food shortages and uncertainty about their future life . Thousands of them do not have TRANSPORT FACILITIES to move to their homes , as many workers by walking hundreds and thousands kilometres reached their homes . Later central government arrange transportation facilities for them . More than 300 MIGRANT LABOURS DIED during pandemic . Government has started various programs and policies for migrant labour . But government have NO PROPER DATA as how many lost their jobs and how many died .
State Wise Unemployment Rate
Puducherry – 75.8% ( highest)
Tamil Nadu – 48.9%
Jharkhand – 47.1%
Bihar – 46.6%
Maharashtra – 20.9%
Haryana – 43.2%
Sikkim – 2.3%
Uttarakhand – 6.5%
The impact of India’s economy is on middle class and lower class people . The government after coming in power introduce several schemes to promote entrepreneurship in the country like MAKE IN INDIA , EMPLOYMENT SCHEME OF RS.50000 CRORES FOR MIGRANT WORKERS , GARIB KALAYAN ROZGAR ABHIYAN FOR MISSION OF 125 DAYS AND MANY MORE SCHEMES FOR BENEFIT OF THE PEOPLE AND TO UPGRADE INDIA’S GDP (Gross Domestic Product ) .
It was important for the government to announce 5 months lockdown for reducing of spread of corona virus . As the result of this India’s GDP and Unemployment rate is very much affected . But for its improvement Government has introduced many schemes. People should also cooperate with the government to WIN THE BATTLE AGAINST COVID 19 PANDEMIC . NOW THE TIME HAS CAME TO DEFEAT THE CORONA VIRUS BY STAYING HEALTHY AND STAYING SAFE . People should be aware and COOPERATE WITH THE GOVERNMENT .
Alice Chouhan, School of law davv ( B.A.LL.B)