August 3, 2021

On Judicial Services Preparation; by Mr. Zia-Ul Mustafa Ansari (Founder and Director, Zia Judicials)

Mr. Zia-ul Mustafa Ansari is a currently pursuing my Ph.D. in victimology from Indian Law Institute (ILI) New Delhi. He has founded Zia Judicials, a judicial coaching institute in Delhi.

We managed to ask him following questions.

Tell our readers about yourself?

This is the toughest question that anyone can ask me. It’s always hard to reply this. Let’s start with my name, My Name is Zia-ul Mustafa Ansari Popularly known as Zia Ansari. I belong from a very small Tehsil of Uttar Pradesh and came to Delhi in 2012 after passing my B.A.LLB with dream to make my space in legal world. I did my LLM in criminal Law from Galgotias University with medal. Currently pursuing my Ph.D. in victimology from Indian Law Institute (ILI) New Delhi. Apart from this I Qualified my UGC NET in 2015.

Being a keen lover of education, I have a passion of teaching and to keep this passion alive I am a visiting faculty to Lloyd Law College (Greater Noida) and to Indian Law Institute for its diploma courses.

My desire to impart education leads me establish Zia Judicials in 2017, Which is now the fastest growing judicial coaching institute in Delhi. We also established the research wing of Zia Judicials in 2019 which is known as Zia Judicials Legal Research cell (ZJLRC). ZJLRC is unique in its nature as it is first of its type of wing established by any judicial coaching institute which work in field of research, seminars, legal aid, conferences etc. The uniqueness also lies in the fact that Former CJI honourable Justice K G Balakrishnan is its patron in chief.

Oh! As I said it the most difficult question for me to introduce myself. Still I tried my best

Please introduce our readers about judicial services.

Judicial service is a dream job of every law pass out. Any person who have qualified degree of law i.e. if he has passed his law than he qualifies for the job of Civil Judge Junior Division entry level. No Special practice or registration as an advocate is required apart from certain states.

This is a state base examination and you are eligible to give exam of any state. Subject to language of that state. Examination consist of three stages that is preliminary examination; Mains examination; Interview. Preliminary examination consists of objective type question containing negative marks for wrong answer. This the rejection stage and those who does not clear the cut-off marks are not allowed to sit in mains examination. The marks of preliminary examination are not added in your final qualifying score.

Once you cleared your preliminary examination you will be allowed to give mains examination which is a written examination like your college examination. But based upon conceptuality of subject. The marks of this plays a major role in your selection. Generally, it happens in three different papers that is civil paper I, Civil paper II and criminal Law. Though subjects and paper division vary from state to state.

After your mains (if you qualify) there will be Interview in which you will be facing panelists who will be expert of law and they will be checking your basic knowledge of law and presence of mind.

And if qualified your interview you are judge Now.

You are the Director of a Judicial Coaching Institute. Please introduce our readers to the preparation strategy for Judicial Exams. (How did you remember the sections of the acts, leading case laws, etc) Also, when should a person ideally start preparing for the judicial services exam?

Unlike any competitive examination judiciary examination also have mantra of THREE “D” to be successful.

That is Discipline, Dedication, and Determination. You should be very clear about your goals. Must have control upon your nerves as being youth other fields of law will be tempting. You should refrain yourself to get distracted from your goal. You must have retained faith upon yourself.

Regarding strategy I will say for Preliminary examination your focus should be on bare act and important judgements. You should keep practising MCQ (multiple choice question) through some books and last ten-year papers which are available in market. I can suggest some name like Universal; M A Rashid; etc.

Regarding mains I will say firstly you should always keep yourself prepared for mains. That is during your preparation stage until any notification is not out, you should be preparing for your mains only.

Regarding mains I will say follow any student edition book with bare act and always make note. Law being a vast universe while preparing for mains you should be very well aware about core area of subject that you must focus for your examination. And for that you should go through ten years paper of state for which you are preparing for. Ten-year mains papers are available in market. While going through ten years mains paper you will be able to find the important areas where mostly questions are framed and after this you start making notes targeting mostly on your core zone.

What is the ideal time for preparation, I will say there is no ideal time as such it is about dream and desire if you desired to be a judge you can start preparation any time before you barred by age. However, in context to college students I will say after 7th semester of your law you must became discipline and determine and start preparing strategically for this competitive examination. If you do so you may be a judge just after your final semester. Subject to notification.

Remembering section there is no formula except revision, you should keep revising as much as possible you your self will get acquainted with sections. There will be no special need of mugging up the sections as such.

How to prepare for the exam? Which books/materials to use for preparation?

(Juscholars’ Note: All books have a link embedded so that readers can access the books. A click on the book’s name will direct you to the intended book)

As already said that Judiciary examination preparation need a sound strategy. Before preparing for the examination you should go through the syllabus of atheist two state. I will advise Delhi and Uttar Pradesh syllabus to be seen. You can find syllabus of examination on google or you can search on in resource section syllabus of all state is available.

Once you done with syllabus the next step is to find the right material, generally people try to follow some you tube channels. I am not saying that you tube channels are not good resources, but they should be used as second resources primary resources are always books. The focus of all aspirants should be Bare acts; Judgement; some good student edition subject book and last year papers of mains and preliminary examination.

I can suggest some of them, which are as follows:

(Juscholars’ Note: All books have a link embedded so that readers can access the books. A click on the book’s name will direct you to the intended book)

Preliminary Examination: Universal MCQ or M A Rashid MCQ (guide for all subjects).


1: Ten years Paper for any state you are preparing for (any publication).

2. Universal publication Guide.

Subject Specific Books:

IPC: S N Mishra or Rattan Lal Dheeraj Lal (student edition)

CrPC: Lectures on Criminal Procedure ( R V Kelkar)

CPC: C K Takwani

Evidence: Batuklal

Constitution: J N Pandey and Laxmikanth polity

Contract: Avtar Singh

Transfer of property act: Avtar Singh

Tort: R K Bangia

Similarly, for other subjects also you must refer simple books that were advised you during your semester by your college teachers.

How to prepare for prelims? What should be the strategy while attempting the prelims?

Prelims is an objective type question and having negative marks scheme in mostly state so you should be very specific while you answer. Preliminary exam is designed to check you overall understanding of your subject and designed in a manner that include theoretical and conceptual questions. You should make your preparation in that format only. The legal portion of preliminary examination include questions directly from section numbers; important portion of section; landmark judgements and then deep and detailed concepts.

If I divide 100 marks paper than general distribution of paper will be 20-mark direct bare act section numbers; 30 marks inside from section directly; 20 marks landmark judgements, 20 marks basic concept and 10 marks details concepts. (its my rough prediction marking vary with states)

So, you have to be preparing well from every point of view in preliminary examination. As the competition is increasing every day, we should not leave any space for mistakes and therefore no area should be left untouched.

How to prepare for mains? What should be the strategy while attempting the mains?

As already told you mains is a subjective paper so you should prepare your notes beforehand and for mains you should practise answer writing of last year’s papers as far as possible. And keep records of just question answer. Your mains preparation must be complete even before preliminary examination as after your preliminary examination you get very less time for mains and in that time, you can only make revisions.

So, keep already beforehand.

How to prepare for the interview to you crack the judicial exam?

Interview does not affect your selection as such because if you got good marks in mains interview will only be affecting your ranks as such. Preparing for interview I not one day process rather it’s a long journey that you live while you are preparing.

But yes, I can say you make at least three subjects very well prepared out of one should be constitution. And you should see how judges acts in their life so for that you can follow some good judges’ profile and try to incorporate their ethics like. Being humble, less social, much in books and intellectual talks etc. This all will in your personality development.

What advice would you give to judicial aspirants? Any message you would like to be passed on to the law students reading this?

I will only say that you have right to dream. Decide what you want to do in your life first, it can practise or preparation and once you decide your destination start working for it without worrying about what other doing or what they have achieved. Each person is following his desire you follow yours and then live for your desire without thinking about any other prospective and you will surely be achieved it. Never make your desire on other dreams. Make your own dream turn it your ultimate desire nor compare your journey with others journey because its your journey decided by you lived by you and will be achieved by you only. No other person has any space in it.

All the very best just dream and live it else all is history than.


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