January 23, 2022

Free Quiz on Basic Structure Doctrine

Law Quiz

Questions related to Basic Structure Doctrine are asked in this quiz.


There is no mention of the term “Basic Structure” anywhere in the Indian Constitution.



Any law or amendment that violates these principles can be struck down by the SC on the grounds that they distort the basic structure of the Constitution.


3. Which of the following is a basic structure of Constitution? Supremacy of the Constitution


4. The Supreme Court held that policies of a state government directed against an element of the basic structure of the Constitution would be a valid ground for the exercise of the central power under Article 356.


5. SC examined the scope and extent of Article 16(4), which provides for the reservation of jobs in favour of backward classes. It upheld the constitutional validity of 27% reservation for the OBCs with certain conditions (like creamy layer exclusion, no reservation in promotion, total reserved quota should not exceed 50%, etc.)Here, ‘Rule of Law’ was added to the list of basic features of the constitution.


6. In this case, the Court added two features to the list of basic structure features. They were: judicial review and balance between Fundamental Rights and DPSP.


7. The judges ruled that a limited amending power itself is a basic feature of the Constitution.


8. The first case that led to evolution of doctrine of Basic Structure


9. Here, the SC applied the theory of basic structure and struck down Clause(4) of Article 329-A, which was inserted by the 39th Amendment in 1975 on the grounds that it was beyond the Parliament’s amending power as it destroyed the Constitution’s basic features.


10. Which one of the following is the correct statement? The power of Parliament to amend the Constitution of India as a constitutional power was laid down under Article 368 by:


11. Which of the following are considered as parts of the basic structure of the Indian Constitution?

1. Republication and democratic form of Government

2. Secular character of the Constitution

3. Division between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy Federal character of the Constitution.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


12. The Supreme Court invalidated a provision of the Forty-Second Amendment Act, which enlarged: the scope of Article 368 to amend Fundamental Rights on the ground that the:


13. Statement I: By amendment. Parliament cannot destroy the basic features of the Constitution.

Statement II: The power to amend does not include the power to abrogate the Constitution.


14. Which one of the following cases prompted the Parliament to enact 24th Constitutional Amendment Act?


15. Under Article 368, the Parliament has no power to repeal Fundamental Rights because these are:


16. Which one of the following Amendments inserted provision saying that “Nothing in Article 13 shall apply to any amendments made under Article 368”?


17. Which one of the following statements is correct?


18. In which case did the Supreme Court pronounce the judgement for the first time that the ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution cannot be amended by Parliament?


19. Statement I: The power of Amendment under Article 368 does not include the power to alter the basic structure of the Constitution.

Statement II: The Right to Equality does not form a part of the basic structure of the Constitution.


20. This was a landmark case in defining the concept of the basic structure doctrine.The SC held that although no part of the Constitution, including Fundamental Rights, was beyond the Parliament’s amending power, the “basic structure of the Constitution could not be abrogated even by a constitutional amendment.” It was the this case that brought this doctrine into the limelight.


Question 1 of 20

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