March 5, 2021

Important Rights under Article 21 (with Case Laws)

Top 10 Rights under Article 21 with important Case Laws

Right to live with human dignity

Cases:

· Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India­­­, AIR 1978 SC 597

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· Francis Coralie v. Union Territory of Delhi, AIR 1981 SC 746

· Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India, AIR 1984 SC 802)

Right to livelihood

Cases:

· Olga Tellis v. Bombay Municipal Corporation, AIR 1986 SC 180

· Sodan Singh v. New Delhi Municipal Corporation, 1989 4 SCC 155

Right to Education

· Mohini Jain v. State of Karnataka, AIR 1992 SC 1858

· Unnikrishnan v. State of Andhra Pradesh, 1993 SCC (1) 645)

Right of prisoners and right against illegal detention

Cases:

· Sunil Batra v. Delhi Administration, 1980 SCC (3) 488)

· D.K. Basu v. State of West Bengal, 1997 1 SCC 416 (Click here or here)

Right to legal aid and right to speedy trial

Cases:

· Hussainara Khatoon v State of Bihar, AIR 1979 SC 1369

· Khatri v. State of Bihar, 1981 SCC (1) 627)

Right against sexual harassment at work place

Case:

Vishakha v State of Rajasthan, 1997 (6) SCC 241)

Right to clean environment

Case:

Vellore Citizens’ Welfare Forum v. Union of India, 1996 (5) SCC 647)

Right to Privacy

Case:

Justice K.S. Puttuswamy (Retd.) v. Union of India, (2017) 10 SCC 1 (Click here or here)

Right to die with dignity

Cases:

· Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug v. Union of India, 2011 (4) SCC 454 (Click here or here)

· Common Cause v. Union of India, (2018) 9 SCC 382)

Right to choose life partner

Case:

Shakti Vahini v. Union of India, 2018 (7) SCC 192

You might be interested to refer:

  1. Top 10 Cases on Scope of Article 21
  2. Changing Dimensions of Article 21
  3. Case Brief: A.K. Gopalan v. State Of Madras
  4. Case Brief: Maneka Gandhi v Union of India
  5. Case Brief: Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India (UOI) and Ors.
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