Since the worldwide inoculation process is going strong, vaccine diplomacy has become a hot topic. In their quest for ensuring vaccine security, a report by The New York Times, based on the data on vaccine contracts compiled by Duke University, shows that the advance purchase contracts made by some advanced countries for potential vaccines would vaccinate their population many times: the European Union, two times, the United States and the United Kingdom, four times, and Canada, six times.
The expectation that an early vaccination will bring back normalcy and a required push to economic growth fuelled many advanced countries to engage in vaccine battles. The arguments of public good and global cooperation have gone out of the window now.
While advanced countries have turned their back on the need of poor countries to access COVID-19 vaccines, India has displayed empathy to their needs. India has taken a position that a significant percentage of the approved doses will be permitted for exports. While its exports to neighbouring countries will be under grant mode, initial shipment of vaccines to least developed countries will be free of cost. And, shipments of vaccines from India have already started reaching different parts of the developing world.
While India is in its first phase of vaccination to cover health-care workers, exports from India are helping other countries also in initiating phase one of their vaccination programme, a gesture well appreciated globally. In a democracy, one can expect the backlash of sending vaccines abroad without vaccinating its population. Nevertheless, India’s approach only reinforces the need of having coordinated global efforts in bringing COVID-19 under control.
This response manifests India’s unstinted commitment to global development and has consolidated its name as the world’s pharmacy. The attitude of India towards vaccinating the populations in the poorer countries has generated discussion in the richer countries about the necessity for more proactive measures to roll out vaccines to the developing nations.
1. Which of the following best describes the purpose of this passage?
(A) To encourage vaccine nationalism, and discourage global cooperation.
(B) To discourage vaccine nationalism, and encourage global cooperation.
(C) To encourage poor countries and discourage advanced countries.
(D) To encourage India to provide vaccines to poor nations.
CORRECT OPTION: B
2. The term ‘inoculation process’ as used in the passage means (A) Production and distribution of vaccines.
(B) Global struggle for vaccines.
(C) Pharmaceutical production of vaccines.
(D) Artificially inducing immunity.
CORRECT OPTION: D
3. Advanced purchase contracts of vaccines by developed countries are premised on hopes that
(A) Vaccination will restore normalcy and thrust economic recovery.
(B) Vaccination will bring back powers to nations.
(C) Vaccination will promote global well-being and growth.
(D) Vaccination will protect the health of the world population.
CORRECT OPTION: A
4. The author cautions that India’s approach in vaccine distribution may have negative repercussions among
(A) People from advanced countries.
(B) People from poor countries.
(C) People from developing countries.
(D) People from India.
CORRECT OPTION: D
5. Among Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the third goal reads, “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”. Which of the following sentences from the passage reflects the reversal of this SDG?
(A) The arguments of public good and global cooperation have gone out of the window now.
(B) Advanced countries have turned their back on the need of poor countries to access COVID-19 vaccines.
(C) The advance purchase contracts made by some advanced countries for potential vaccines would vaccinate their population many times. (D) All the above.
CORRECT OPTION: D